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Polymers 2017, 9(6), 239; doi:10.3390/polym9060239

Preparation of Pendant Group-Functionalized Diblock Copolymers with Adjustable Thermogelling Behavior

1
Department of Molecular Science and Technology, Ajou University, Suwon 443-749, Korea
2
Department of Nanobiomedical Science, Dankook University, Cheonan 330-714, Korea
3
Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Insung S. Choi
Received: 9 May 2017 / Revised: 18 June 2017 / Accepted: 18 June 2017 / Published: 20 June 2017
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Abstract

Recently, several thermogelling materials have been developed for biomedical applications. In this study, we prepared methoxy polyethylene glycol (MPEG)-b-(poly(ε-caprolactone)-ran-poly(2-chloride-ε-caprolactone) (PCL-ran-PfCL)) (MP-Cl) diblock copolymers at room temperature via the ring-opening polymerization of caprolactone (CL) and 2-chloride-ε-caprolactone (fCL) monomers, using the terminal alcohol of MPEG as the initiator in the presence of HCl. MPEG-b-(poly(ε-caprolactone)-ran-poly(2-azide-ε-caprolactone) (PCL-ran-PCL-N3)) (MP-N3) was prepared by the reaction of MP-Cl with sodium azide. MPEG-b-(poly(ε-caprolactone)-ran-poly(2-amine-ε-caprolactone) (PCL-ran-PCL-NH2)) (MP-NH2) was subsequently prepared by Staudinger reaction. MP-Cl and MP-N3 showed negative zeta potentials, but MP-NH2 had a positive zeta potential. MP-Cl, MP-N3, and MP-NH2 solutions formed opaque emulsions at room temperature. The solutions exhibited a solution-to-hydrogel phase transition as a function of the temperature and were affected by variation of the chloride, azide, and the amine pendant group, as well as the amount of pendant groups present in their structure. Additionally, the phase transition of MP-Cl, MP-N3, and MP-NH2 copolymers was altered by pendant groups. The solution-to-hydrogel phase transition was adjusted by tailoring the crystallinity and hydrophobicity of the copolymers in aqueous solutions. Collectively, MP-Cl, MP-N3, and MP-NH2 with various pendant-group contents in the PCL segment showed a solution-to-hydrogel phase transition that depended on both the type of pendant groups and their content. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermogelling; diblock copolymer; pendant group; crystallinity; phase transition thermogelling; diblock copolymer; pendant group; crystallinity; phase transition
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, B.K.; Park, J.H.; Park, S.H.; Kim, J.H.; Oh, S.H.; Lee, S.J.; Lee, B.Y.; Kim, M.S. Preparation of Pendant Group-Functionalized Diblock Copolymers with Adjustable Thermogelling Behavior. Polymers 2017, 9, 239.

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