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Polymers 2017, 9(12), 651; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym9120651

Microporous Hyper-Crosslinked Polystyrenes and Nanocomposites with High Adsorption Properties: A Review

1
Institute for Polymers, Composites and Biomaterials, National Research Council of Italy, Via Campi Flegrei 34, 80078 Pozzuoli, Italy
2
Department of Chemical, Materials and Production Engineering, University of Naples, Piazzale Tecchio 80, 80125 Napoli, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 October 2017 / Revised: 21 November 2017 / Accepted: 24 November 2017 / Published: 28 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Nanocomposites)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4115 KB, uploaded 28 November 2017]   |  

Abstract

Hyper-crosslinked (HCL) polystyrenes show outstanding properties, such as high specific surface area and adsorption capability. Several researches have been recently focused on tailoring their performance for specific applications, such as gas adsorption and separation, energy storage, air and water purification processes, and catalysis. In this review, main strategies for the realization of HCL polystyrene-based materials with advanced properties are reported, including a summary of the synthetic routes that are adopted for their realization and the chemical modification approaches that are used to impart them specific functionalities. Moreover, the most up to date results on the synthesis of HCL polystyrene-based nanocomposites that are realized by embedding these high surface area polymers with metal, metal oxide, and carbon-based nanofillers are discussed in detail, underlining the high potential applicability of these systems in different fields. View Full-Text
Keywords: hyper-crosslinked polystyrene; hyper-crosslinked nanocomposites; microporous materials; high specific surface area; adsorption properties hyper-crosslinked polystyrene; hyper-crosslinked nanocomposites; microporous materials; high specific surface area; adsorption properties
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Castaldo, R.; Gentile, G.; Avella, M.; Carfagna, C.; Ambrogi, V. Microporous Hyper-Crosslinked Polystyrenes and Nanocomposites with High Adsorption Properties: A Review. Polymers 2017, 9, 651.

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