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Polymers 2017, 9(11), 619; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym9110619

Generation of Polymer Nanocomposites through Shear-Driven Aggregation of Binary Colloids

1,2
,
1
and
2,*
1
Department of Polymeric Materials and Engineering, School of Materials and Energy, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China
2
Institute for Chemical and Bioengineering, Department of Chemistry and Applied Biosciences, ETH Zurich, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 October 2017 / Revised: 9 November 2017 / Accepted: 12 November 2017 / Published: 15 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Nanocomposites)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3056 KB, uploaded 15 November 2017]   |  

Abstract

Design of polymer nanocomposites has been an intense research topic in recent decades because hybrid nanomaterials are widely used in many fields. Throughout their development, there has often been a challenging issue how one can uniformly distribute nanoparticles (NPs) in a polymer matrix, avoiding their agglomeration. In this short review, we first introduce the theory of colloidal aggregation/gelation purely based on intense shear forces. Then, we illustrate a methodology for preparing polymer nanocomposites where the NPs (as fillers) are uniformly and randomly distributed inside a matrix of polymer NPs, based on intense shear-driven aggregation of binary colloids, without using any additives. Its feasibility has been demonstrated using two stable binary colloids composed of (1) poly-methyl methacrylate fillers and polystyrene NPs, and (2) graphene oxide sheets (fillers) and poly-vinylidene fluoride NPs. The mechanism leading to capturing and distribution of the fillers inside the polymer NP matrix has been illustrated, and the advantages of the proposed methodology compared with the other common methods are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer nanocomposite; binary colloid; shear-driven; aggregation; gelation polymer nanocomposite; binary colloid; shear-driven; aggregation; gelation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Sheng, X.; Zhang, L.; Wu, H. Generation of Polymer Nanocomposites through Shear-Driven Aggregation of Binary Colloids. Polymers 2017, 9, 619.

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