The Effect of Fluid Shear Stress on the In Vitro Release Kinetics of Sirolimus from PLGA Films
AbstractDrug-carrying coatings of stents implanted in blood vessels are exposed to various blood flows. This study investigated the effect of fluid shear stress on the in vitro release kinetics of sirolimus from poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) films. The homemade parallel plate flow chamber was used to exert quantitative shear stress on the sirolimus-carrying film. By adjusting the flow rate of the release media in the chamber, three levels of shear stress (3.6, 12.0, and 36.0 dyn/cm2) were respectively applied. For each level of shear stress employed, the release kinetics of sirolimus from the PLGA films exhibited a four-phase profile: an initial burst release phase (Phase I), a lag phase (Phase II), a second burst release phase (Phase III), and a terminal release phase (Phase IV). During Phases I and II, sirolimus was released slowly and in small amounts (<10%); however, during Phases III and IV, the drug release increased considerably. Comparisons of different shear stresses indicated that greater shear stress resulted in earlier and faster sirolimus release, with more cumulative drug release observed. PLGA film degradations (molecular weight reduction, mass loss, and surface topographical variations) were also investigated to better explain the observed drug release behavior. Consequently, fluid shear stress was found to significantly accelerate the release of sirolimus from the PLGA matrices. Therefore, this study could provide a practical method for evaluating the in vitro drug release from polymer matrices under uniform shear stress, and might help improve the design of biodegradable coatings on drug-eluting stents. View Full-Text
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Zheng, Q.; Chu, Z.; Li, X.; Kang, H.; Yang, X.; Fan, Y. The Effect of Fluid Shear Stress on the In Vitro Release Kinetics of Sirolimus from PLGA Films. Polymers 2017, 9, 618.
Zheng Q, Chu Z, Li X, Kang H, Yang X, Fan Y. The Effect of Fluid Shear Stress on the In Vitro Release Kinetics of Sirolimus from PLGA Films. Polymers. 2017; 9(11):618.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zheng, Quan; Chu, Zhaowei; Li, Xiaoming; Kang, Hongyan; Yang, Xiao; Fan, Yubo. 2017. "The Effect of Fluid Shear Stress on the In Vitro Release Kinetics of Sirolimus from PLGA Films." Polymers 9, no. 11: 618.
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