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Polymers 2017, 9(11), 552; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym9110552

Preparation, Characterization and Application of UV-Curable Flexible Hyperbranched Polyurethane Acrylate

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Functional Soft Condensed Matter, School of Materials and Energy, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou 510006, China
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Received: 28 September 2017 / Revised: 20 October 2017 / Accepted: 21 October 2017 / Published: 25 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thermosets)
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Abstract

A novel UV-curable hyperbranched polyurethane acrylate (FHBPUA) with excellent flexibility is successfully synthesized based on a reaction of hydroxyl terminated hyperbranched polyurethane (regarded as core) with flexible semiadduct urethane monoacrylate (regarded as arms). The structure and property of FHBPUA is firstly analyzed and then utilized as functional additives to ameliorate the UV-curing and mechanical properties of epoxy acrylate resin. The degree of branching of FHBPUA turns out to be 0.82. Its thermal decomposition process consists of three different stages, and the glass transition temperature is around 65 °C. The freestanding FHBPUA film (~30 μm thickness) can be UV-cured within 3 s, and its flexibility is up to 1 mm. With the increase of FHBPUA content to 10 wt %, the UV-curing time of UV1000 film decreases from 6 to 3 s, flexibility strikingly increases from 10 to 1 mm, and adhesive force also improves from 5 to 3 grades, meanwhile its glossiness is not influenced by FHBPUA. In addition, a certain amount of FHBPUA can improve the tensile strength and elongation at break of UV1000 film. This novel FHBPUA can be used not only to develop flexible UV-curable freestanding films but also as functional additives to perfect other UV-curable compositions like coatings, inks and 3D printed parts. View Full-Text
Keywords: hyperbranched polyurethane acrylate; UV-curing; flexibility; coatings; reinforcements hyperbranched polyurethane acrylate; UV-curing; flexibility; coatings; reinforcements
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Xiang, H.; Wang, X.; Lin, G.; Xi, L.; Yang, Y.; Lei, D.; Dong, H.; Su, J.; Cui, Y.; Liu, X. Preparation, Characterization and Application of UV-Curable Flexible Hyperbranched Polyurethane Acrylate. Polymers 2017, 9, 552.

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