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Polymers 2017, 9(10), 523; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym9100523

The Recent Developments in Biobased Polymers toward General and Engineering Applications: Polymers that are Upgraded from Biodegradable Polymers, Analogous to Petroleum-Derived Polymers, and Newly Developed

Macromolecular Chemistry and New Polymeric Materials, Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands
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Received: 31 August 2017 / Revised: 17 September 2017 / Accepted: 18 September 2017 / Published: 18 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymers from Renewable Resources)
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Abstract

The main motivation for development of biobased polymers was their biodegradability, which is becoming important due to strong public concern about waste. Reflecting recent changes in the polymer industry, the sustainability of biobased polymers allows them to be used for general and engineering applications. This expansion is driven by the remarkable progress in the processes for refining biomass feedstocks to produce biobased building blocks that allow biobased polymers to have more versatile and adaptable polymer chemical structures and to achieve target properties and functionalities. In this review, biobased polymers are categorized as those that are: (1) upgrades from biodegradable polylactides (PLA), polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), and others; (2) analogous to petroleum-derived polymers such as bio-poly(ethylene terephthalate) (bio-PET); and (3) new biobased polymers such as poly(ethylene 2,5-furandicarboxylate) (PEF). The recent developments and progresses concerning biobased polymers are described, and important technical aspects of those polymers are introduced. Additionally, the recent scientific achievements regarding high-spec engineering-grade biobased polymers are presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: biobased polymers; biodegradable polymers; polylactides (PLA); poly(hydroxy alkanoates) (PHAs); bio-poly(ethylene terephthalate) (bio-PET); poly(ethylene 2,5-furandicarboxylate) (PEF); biobased polyamides; succinate polymers; polyterpenes; modified lactide biobased polymers; biodegradable polymers; polylactides (PLA); poly(hydroxy alkanoates) (PHAs); bio-poly(ethylene terephthalate) (bio-PET); poly(ethylene 2,5-furandicarboxylate) (PEF); biobased polyamides; succinate polymers; polyterpenes; modified lactide
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Nakajima, H.; Dijkstra, P.; Loos, K. The Recent Developments in Biobased Polymers toward General and Engineering Applications: Polymers that are Upgraded from Biodegradable Polymers, Analogous to Petroleum-Derived Polymers, and Newly Developed. Polymers 2017, 9, 523.

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