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Polymers 2016, 8(9), 340; doi:10.3390/polym8090340

Organosolv Lignin-Based Wood Adhesive. Influence of the Lignin Extraction Conditions on the Adhesive Performance

1
Laboratoire d’Etudes et de Recherche sur le Matériau Bois, Faculté des Sciences et Technologies, Université de Lorraine, EA 4370, Boulevard des Aiguillettes, BP 70239, 54506 Vandœuvre-Lès-Nancy CEDEX, France
2
ICGM, UMR 5253 CNRS--ENSCM-UM, Matériaux Avancés pour la Catalyse et la Santé, 8 Rue de l’Ecole Normale, 34296 Montpellier CEDEX 5, France
3
Laboratoire Matériaux, Energie et Environnement UR14ES26, Faculté des Sciences de Gafsa, Université de Gafsa, 2100 Gafsa, Tunisie
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alexander Böker
Received: 19 April 2016 / Revised: 30 August 2016 / Accepted: 7 September 2016 / Published: 14 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Renewable Polymeric Adhesives)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1942 KB, uploaded 14 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

Ethanol organosolv alfa grass lignins were extracted in the presence of sulfuric acid or Lewis acids (Sc(OTf)3, FeCl3) as catalysts and subjected to a comprehensive structural characterization by solid state 13C NMR, GPC, MALDI-TOF, and ASAP-MS/MS. The impact of the severity of the treatment and of the nature of the acid catalyst on the recovered lignin structure was investigated. The lignins isolated at high severity were highly recondensed and partly composed of regular structures composed of furan-like rings. The alfa (Stipa tenacissima L.) organosolv lignins were used for the preparation of formaldehyde-free adhesives which were characterized by TMA and used for the preparation of particleboard without any addition of synthetic resin. It has been demonstrated for the first time that: (1) the addition of 10% to 30% of organosolv alfa lignin in a tannin-based adhesive improved the adhesive performance; and (2) the conditions of the lignin extraction strongly impact the lignin-based adhesive performances. The highly recondensed lignin extracted with sulfuric acid as a catalyst allowed the production of resins with improved performances. Formulations composed of 50% glyoxalated alfa lignin and 50% of Aleppo Pine tannins yielded good internal bond strength results for the panels (IB = 0.45 MPa) and satisfied relevant international standard specifications for interior-grade panels. View Full-Text
Keywords: wood adhesive; tannin; lignin; organosolv; Lewis acid wood adhesive; tannin; lignin; organosolv; Lewis acid
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dababi, I.; Gimello, O.; Elaloui, E.; Quignard, F.; Brosse, N. Organosolv Lignin-Based Wood Adhesive. Influence of the Lignin Extraction Conditions on the Adhesive Performance. Polymers 2016, 8, 340.

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