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Polymers 2016, 8(5), 185; doi:10.3390/polym8050185

Electro-Active Polymers (EAPs): A Promising Route to Design Bio-Organic/Bioinspired Platforms with on Demand Functionalities

Institute of Polymers, Composites and Biomaterials, Department of Chemical Sciences and Materials Technologies, National Research Council of Italy, V.le Kennedy 54, 80125 Naples, Italy
Theses authors contributed equal to this work.
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Academic Editors: Jianxun Ding and Carsten Werner
Received: 22 March 2016 / Revised: 19 April 2016 / Accepted: 4 May 2016 / Published: 9 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Polymers for Medical Applications)
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Abstract

Through recent discoveries and new knowledge among correlations between molecular biology and materials science, it is a growing interest to design new biomaterials able to interact—i.e., to influence, to guide or to detect—with cells and their surrounding microenvironments, in order to better control biological phenomena. In this context, electro-active polymers (EAPs) are showing great promise as biomaterials acting as an interface between electronics and biology. This is ascribable to the highly tunability of chemical/physical properties which confer them different conductive properties for various applicative uses (i.e., molecular targeting, biosensors, biocompatible scaffolds). This review article is divided into three parts: the first one is an overview on EAPs to introduce basic conductivity mechanisms and their classification. The second one is focused on the description of most common processes used to manipulate EAPs in the form of two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) materials. The last part addresses their use in current applications in different biomedical research areas including tissue engineering, biosensors and molecular delivery. View Full-Text
Keywords: conductive polymers; scaffolds; biosensors; molecular release conductive polymers; scaffolds; biosensors; molecular release
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Guarino, V.; Zuppolini, S.; Borriello, A.; Ambrosio, L. Electro-Active Polymers (EAPs): A Promising Route to Design Bio-Organic/Bioinspired Platforms with on Demand Functionalities. Polymers 2016, 8, 185.

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