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Polymers 2016, 8(5), 169; doi:10.3390/polym8050169

The Effects of Cryomilling CNTs on the Thermal and Electrical Properties of CNT/PMMA Composites

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, Kyung Hee University, Yongin 446-701, Korea
2
Department of Chemistry, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Changsik Song
Received: 30 March 2016 / Revised: 19 April 2016 / Accepted: 21 April 2016 / Published: 26 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Conductive Polymers 2016)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7579 KB, uploaded 26 April 2016]   |  

Abstract

In this study, the cryomilling of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) was carried out to accomplish better dispersion without using any hazardous chemicals. Accordingly, different samples of CNTs were prepared by varying the milling speed (10, 20, and 25 Hz) and time (5, 10, and 15 min) and incorporated into the poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) matrix. The changes of the morphology were analyzed by utilizing a field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and a high-resolution transmission electron microscope (TEM). Qualitative analysis of the cryomilled CNTs was carried out using Raman spectroscopy, and their surface area was determined via Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) analysis. Subsequently, thermogravimetric analysis was conducted to evaluate the thermal properties, whereas the surface resistivity and electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness for the electrical conductivity were also examined. It was observed that the composite with Cr-20-10 showed better thermal stability and lower resistivity in comparison to the others because, as the cryomilling time and frequency increased the distribution, dispersion and surface area also increased. Consequently, a better interaction between CNTs and PMMA took place. View Full-Text
Keywords: cryomilled CNT; conductivity; electromagnetic shielding effectiveness; PMMA/CNT composites cryomilled CNT; conductivity; electromagnetic shielding effectiveness; PMMA/CNT composites
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Mittal, G.; Rhee, K.Y.; Park, S.J. The Effects of Cryomilling CNTs on the Thermal and Electrical Properties of CNT/PMMA Composites. Polymers 2016, 8, 169.

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