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Polymers 2016, 8(4), 132; doi:10.3390/polym8040132

New Concept of Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA) and Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Surface Coating by Chitosan

1
Division of Dental Materials, Faculty of Dentistry, Wroclaw Medical University, 26 Krakowska st., 50425 Wroclaw, Poland
2
Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, Dresden University of Technology, Fetscherstrasse 74, 01307 Dresden, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Antonio Pizzi and Frank Wiesbrock
Received: 28 February 2016 / Revised: 25 March 2016 / Accepted: 30 March 2016 / Published: 7 April 2016
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Abstract

Chitosan is known for its hemostatic and antimicrobial properties and might be useful for temporary coating of removable dentures or intraoral splints to control bleeding after oral surgery or as a supportive treatment in denture stomatitis. This study investigated a new method to adhere chitosan to polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET). There were 70 cylindrical specimens made from PMMA and 70 from PET (13 mm diameter, 6 mm thickness). The materials with ten specimens each were sandblasted at 2.8 or 4.0 bar with aluminum oxide 110 μm or/and aluminum oxide coated with silica. After sandblasting, all specimens were coated with a 2% or 4% acetic chitosan solution with a thickness of 1 mm. Then the specimens were dried for 120 min at 45 °C. The precipitated chitosan was neutralized with 1 mol NaOH. After neutralization, all specimens underwent abrasion tests using the tooth-brushing simulator with soft brushes (load 2N, 2 cycles/s, 32 °C, 3000 and 30,000 cycles). After each run, the specimen surfaces were analyzed for areas of remaining chitosan by digital planimetry under a light microscope. The best chitosan adhesion was found after sandblasting with aluminum oxide coated with silica (U-Test, p < 0.05) in both the PMMA and the PET groups. Hence, with relatively simple technology, a reliable bond of chitosan to PMMA and PET could be achieved. View Full-Text
Keywords: PMMA; PET; chitosan; adhesion; coating PMMA; PET; chitosan; adhesion; coating
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wieckiewicz, M.; Wolf, E.; Richter, G.; Meissner, H.; Boening, K. New Concept of Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA) and Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) Surface Coating by Chitosan. Polymers 2016, 8, 132.

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