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Polymers 2016, 8(3), 66; doi:10.3390/polym8030066

Fabrication of Porous Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) Monoliths via Thermally Induced Phase Separation

Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Yamadaoka 2-1, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Frank Wiesbrock
Received: 3 February 2016 / Revised: 23 February 2016 / Accepted: 24 February 2016 / Published: 29 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodegradable Polymers)
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Abstract

This study deals with the fabrication of biodegradable porous materials from bacterial polyester, poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (P3HB3HHx), via thermally induced phase separation. P3HB3HHx monoliths with topological porous structure were prepared by dissolution of P3HB3HHx in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) at 85 °C and subsequent quenching. The microstructure of the resulting P3HB3HHx monoliths was changed by the P3HB3HHx concentration of the polymer solution. Differential scanning calorimetry and polarized optical microscope analysis revealed that the P3HB3HHx monoliths crystallized during phase separation and the subsequent aging. The mechanical properties, such as compression modulus and stress, of the monoliths depended on the 3-hydroxyhexanoate content of P3HB3HHx. Furthermore, the P3HB3HHx monolith absorbed linseed oil in preference to water in a plant oil–water mixture. In combination with the biodegradable character of P3HB3HHx, the present study is expected to contribute to the development of bio-based materials. View Full-Text
Keywords: bio-based polymer; porous material; poly(3-hydroxyalkanoate); monolith; thermally induced phase separation; oil absorbent bio-based polymer; porous material; poly(3-hydroxyalkanoate); monolith; thermally induced phase separation; oil absorbent
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tsujimoto, T.; Hosoda, N.; Uyama, H. Fabrication of Porous Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) Monoliths via Thermally Induced Phase Separation. Polymers 2016, 8, 66.

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