New Vistas on the Anionic Polymerization of Styrene in Non-Polar Solvents by Means of Density Functional Theory
AbstractThe elementary processes of anionic styrene polymerization in the gas phase and in cyclohexane were studied using M062X (a recently developed density functional theory (DFT) method) combined with the 6-31+G(d) basis sets, in order to clarify the complicated phenomena caused by the association of the active chain-ends and elucidate the details of the polymerization mechanism. Three types of HSt2Li (a model structure of polystyryllithium chain-ends) were obtained; the well-known first structure in which Li is coordinated to the side chain, the second structure in which Li is coordinated to the phenyl ring, (both without the penultimate unit coordination), and the third structure in which Li is coordinated to both the chain-end unit and the penultimate styrene unit. Although the third HSt2Li is the most stable as expected, the free energy for the transition state of its reaction with styrene is higher than those for the other two transition states due to its steric hindrance. The free energy for the transition state of the reaction of the second HSt2Li with styrene is the lowest, suggesting that the route through it is the predominant reaction path. The penultimate unit effect, slower addition of styrene to HSt2Li than to HStLi, is attributed to coordination of the penultimate styrene units of the polystyryllithium dimer (one of the starting materials) to its Li atoms. The calculated enthalpy for the reaction barrier of the second HSt2Li with styrene in cyclohexane was found to agree with the observed apparent activation energy in benzene. View Full-Text
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Morita, H.; Van Beylen, M. New Vistas on the Anionic Polymerization of Styrene in Non-Polar Solvents by Means of Density Functional Theory. Polymers 2016, 8, 371.
Morita H, Van Beylen M. New Vistas on the Anionic Polymerization of Styrene in Non-Polar Solvents by Means of Density Functional Theory. Polymers. 2016; 8(10):371.Chicago/Turabian Style
Morita, Hideo; Van Beylen, Marcel. 2016. "New Vistas on the Anionic Polymerization of Styrene in Non-Polar Solvents by Means of Density Functional Theory." Polymers 8, no. 10: 371.
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