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Polymers 2016, 8(1), 18; doi:10.3390/polym8010018

Analysis on Adhesively-Bonded Joints of FRP-steel Composite Bridge under Combined Loading: Arcan Test Study and Numerical Modeling

1,†
,
2,* , 3,†
and
3,†
1
Department of Bridge Engineering, College of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
2
Department of Structural Engineering, College of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
3
Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, Delft University of Technology, Delft 2628CN, The Netherlands
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Raafat El-Hacha
Received: 30 June 2015 / Revised: 6 December 2015 / Accepted: 7 January 2016 / Published: 15 January 2016

Abstract

The research presented in this paper is an experimental study and numerical analysis on mechanical behavior of the adhesively-bonded joint between FRP sandwich bridge deck and steel girder. Generally, there are three typical stress states in the adhesively-bonded joint: shear stress, tensile stress, and combination of both. To realize these stress states in the adhesively-bonded joint during tests, a specific loading device is developed with the capacity of providing six different loading angles, which are 0°(pure tension), 18°, 36°, 54°, 72° and 90°(pure shear). Failure modes of adhesively-bonded joints are investigated. It indicates that, for the pure shear loading, the failure mode is the cohesive failure (near the interface between the adhesive layer and the steel support) in the adhesive layer. For the pure tensile and combined loading conditions, the failure mode is the combination of fiber breaking, FRP delamination and interfacial adhesion failure between the FRP sandwich deck and the adhesive layer. The load-bearing capacities of adhesive joints under combined loading are much lower than those of the pure tensile and pure shear loading conditions. According to the test results of six angle loading conditions, a tensile/shear failure criterion of the adhesively-bonded joint is obtained. By using Finite Element (FE) modeling method, linear elastic simulations are performed to characterize the stress distribution throughout the adhesively-bonded joint. View Full-Text
Keywords: FRP deck; adhesively-bonded joint; combined loading; finite element analysis; failure criterion FRP deck; adhesively-bonded joint; combined loading; finite element analysis; failure criterion
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jiang, X.; Qiang, X.; Kolstein, H.; Bijlaard, F. Analysis on Adhesively-Bonded Joints of FRP-steel Composite Bridge under Combined Loading: Arcan Test Study and Numerical Modeling. Polymers 2016, 8, 18.

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