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Polymers 2015, 7(7), 1346-1378; doi:10.3390/polym7071346

From Self-Assembled Monolayers to Coatings: Advances in the Synthesis and Nanobio Applications of Polymer Brushes

1
Department of Chemistry, Inha University, Incheon 402-751, Korea
2
Department of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
3
Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Richard Hoogenboom
Received: 12 June 2015 / Revised: 2 July 2015 / Accepted: 10 July 2015 / Published: 20 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Polymer Brushes)
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Abstract

In this review, we describe the latest advances in synthesis, characterization, and applications of polymer brushes. Synthetic advances towards well-defined polymer brushes, which meet criteria such as: (i) Efficient and fast grafting, (ii) Applicability on a wide range of substrates; and (iii) Precise control of surface initiator concentration and hence, chain density are discussed. On the characterization end advances in methods for the determination of relevant physical parameters such as surface initiator concentration and grafting density are discussed. The impact of these advances specifically in emerging fields of nano- and bio-technology where interfacial properties such as surface energies are controlled to create nanopatterned polymer brushes and their implications in mediating with biological systems is discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer brush; grafting-to; solid state reaction; grafting-from; surface-initiated polymerization; reversible-deactivation radical polymerization; controlled radical polymerization; chain density; interfacial energy; nanofabrication; bio-interface; surface activity polymer brush; grafting-to; solid state reaction; grafting-from; surface-initiated polymerization; reversible-deactivation radical polymerization; controlled radical polymerization; chain density; interfacial energy; nanofabrication; bio-interface; surface activity
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, M.; Schmitt, S.K.; Choi, J.W.; Krutty, J.D.; Gopalan, P. From Self-Assembled Monolayers to Coatings: Advances in the Synthesis and Nanobio Applications of Polymer Brushes. Polymers 2015, 7, 1346-1378.

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