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Polymers 2015, 7(4), 717-746; doi:10.3390/polym7040717

Polymers and Dyes: Developments and Applications

1
Materials Research Laboratory, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
2
Department of Materials, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
3
Institute of Organic Chemistry and Macromolecular Chemistry, Heinrich-Heine-University Duesseldorf, Universitaetsstr. 1, 40225 Duesseldorf, Germany
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Do-Hoon Hwang
Received: 5 March 2015 / Revised: 8 April 2015 / Accepted: 9 April 2015 / Published: 15 April 2015

Abstract

Amongst functional macromolecules, the combination of polymers and dyes is a research field of great potential with regard to high-performance materials. Accordingly, colored polymers have become increasingly important as materials for miscellaneous technical applications in recent years while also being a major part of everyday life. For instance, dye-containing polymers are nowadays widely applied in medicine, painting industries, analytics and gas separation processes. Since these applications are obviously connected to the dye’s nature, which is incorporated into the corresponding polymers, the affinity of certain polymers to dyes is exploited in wastewater work-ups after (textile) dyeing procedures. In this review, we wish to point out the great importance of dye-containing polymers, with a comprehensive scope and a focus on azo, triphenylmethane, indigoid, perylene and anthraquinone dyes. Since a large number of synthetic approaches towards the preparation of such materials can be found in the literature, an elaborated overview of different preparation techniques is given as well. View Full-Text
Keywords: polymer attached dyes; azo dyes; triphenylmethane dyes; anthraquinone dyes; perylene dyes; indigoid dyes polymer attached dyes; azo dyes; triphenylmethane dyes; anthraquinone dyes; perylene dyes; indigoid dyes
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Fleischmann, C.; Lievenbrück, M.; Ritter, H. Polymers and Dyes: Developments and Applications. Polymers 2015, 7, 717-746.

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