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Polymers 2015, 7(3), 468-483; doi:10.3390/polym7030468

Synthesis of Bio-Based Poly(lactic acid-co-10-hydroxy decanoate) Copolymers with High Thermal Stability and Ductility

The Key Laboratory of Food Colloids and Biotechnology Ministry of Education, School of Chemical and Material Engineering, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thomas Junkers
Received: 12 December 2014 / Revised: 10 February 2015 / Accepted: 25 February 2015 / Published: 5 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Precision Polymer Synthesis)
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Abstract

Novel bio-based aliphatic copolyesters, poly(lactic acid-co-10-hydroxy decanoate) (P(LA-co-HDA), PLH), were successfully synthesized from lactic acid (LA) and 10-hydroxycapric acid (HDA) by a thermal polycondensation process, in the presence of p-toluenesulfonic acid (p-TSA) and SnCl2·2H2O as co-catalyst. The copolymer structure was characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR). The weight average molecular weights (Mw) of PLH, from gel permeation chromatography (GPC) measurements, were controlled from 18,500 to 37,900 by changing the molar ratios of LA and HDA. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) results showed that PLH had excellent thermal stability, and the decomposition temperature at the maximum rate was above 280 °C. The glass transition temperature (Tg) and melting temperature (Tm) of PLH decreased continuously with increasing the HDA composition by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) measurements. PLH showed high ductility, and the breaking elongation increased significantly by the increment of the HDA composition. Moreover, the PLH copolymer could degrade in buffer solution. The cell adhesion results showed that PLH had good biocompatibility with NIH/3T3 cells. The bio-based PLH copolymers have potential applications as thermoplastics, elastomers or impact modifiers in the biomedical, industrial and agricultural fields. View Full-Text
Keywords: bio-based copolymer; poly(lactic acid); poly(10-hydroxycapric acid); high performance; mechanical properties bio-based copolymer; poly(lactic acid); poly(10-hydroxycapric acid); high performance; mechanical properties
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Shi, D.; Hua, J.; Zhang, L.; Chen, M. Synthesis of Bio-Based Poly(lactic acid-co-10-hydroxy decanoate) Copolymers with High Thermal Stability and Ductility. Polymers 2015, 7, 468-483.

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