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Polymers 2015, 7(11), 2276-2289; doi:10.3390/polym7111513

Thermal and Fire Characteristics of FRP Composites for Architectural Applications

1
Department of Architectural Science, Ryerson University, 350 Victoria Street, Toronto, ON M5B 2K3, Canada
2
Fire Protection Engineering Department,Worcester Polytechnic Institute, 100 Institute Road,Worcester, MA 01609, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alper Ilki and Masoud Motavalli
Received: 5 September 2015 / Revised: 19 October 2015 / Accepted: 4 November 2015 / Published: 11 November 2015
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Abstract

This paper discusses the main challenges of using fiber reinforced polymers (FRPs) in architectural applications. Architects are showing increased interest in the use of FRPs in modern buildings thanks to FRPs’ ability to allow cost effective realization of unique shapes and flexible aesthetics, while accommodating architectural designs and needs. The long-term durability, weathering resistance, and the exceptional mechanical properties have recently suggested the adoption of FRPs for building façade systems in an increasing number of buildings worldwide. However, some challenges for a wider adoption of FRPs in buildings are represented by the environmental and thermal aspects of their production, as well as their resistance to the expected “fire loads”. This last aspect often raises many concerns, which often require expensive fire tests. In this paper, the results of cone calorimeter tests are compared with software simulations to evaluate the possibility of designing FRPs on the computer as opposed to current design practice that involves iterative use of fire testing. The comparison shows that pyrolysis simulations related to FRPs are still not an effective way to design fire safe FRPs for architectural applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: fiber reinforced polymer; polymers; modern architecture; buildings; high performance envelopes; building enclosure; fire safety; fire performance assessment fiber reinforced polymer; polymers; modern architecture; buildings; high performance envelopes; building enclosure; fire safety; fire performance assessment
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Berardi, U.; Dembsey, N. Thermal and Fire Characteristics of FRP Composites for Architectural Applications. Polymers 2015, 7, 2276-2289.

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