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Polymers 2015, 7(10), 2078-2099; doi:10.3390/polym7101501

Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer for Cable Structures—A Review

Institute of Civil Engineering, Technische Universität Berlin, Gustav-Meyer-Allee 25, Berlin 13355, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alper Ilki and Masoud Motavalli
Received: 21 September 2015 / Revised: 16 October 2015 / Accepted: 19 October 2015 / Published: 22 October 2015

Abstract

Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) is an advanced composite material with the advantages of high strength, lightweight, no corrosion and excellent fatigue resistance. Therefore, unidirectional CFRP has great potential for cables and to replace steel cables in cable structures. However, CFRP is a typical orthotropic material and its strength and modulus perpendicular to the fiber direction are much lower than those in the fiber direction, which brings a challenge for anchoring CFRP cables. This paper presents an overview of application of CFRP cables in cable structures, including historical review, state of the art and prospects for the future. After introducing properties of carbon fibers, mechanical characteristics and structural forms of CFRP cables, existing CFRP cable structures in the world (all of them are cable bridges) are reviewed. Especially, their CFRP cable anchorages are presented in detail. New applications for CFRP cables, i.e., cable roofs and cable facades, are also presented, including the introduction of a prototype CFRP cable roof and the conceptual design of a novel structure—CFRP Continuous Band Winding System. In addition, other challenges that impede widespread application of CFRP cable structures are briefly introduced. View Full-Text
Keywords: fiber reinforced polymer; CFRP cable; cable structure; anchorage fiber reinforced polymer; CFRP cable; cable structure; anchorage
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Y.; Zwingmann, B.; Schlaich, M. Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer for Cable Structures—A Review. Polymers 2015, 7, 2078-2099.

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