Next Article in Journal
Behavior of FRP Bars-Reinforced Concrete Slabs under Temperature and Sustained Load Effects
Next Article in Special Issue
New Guanidine-Pyridine Copper Complexes and Their Application in ATRP
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Thermo-Responsive and Biocompatible Diblock Copolymers Prepared via Reversible Addition-Fragmentation Chain Transfer (RAFT) Radical Polymerization
Polymers 2014, 6(3), 860-872; doi:10.3390/polym6030860
Article

Living Radical Polymerization via Organic Superbase Catalysis

,
, *  and *
Received: 18 February 2014; in revised form: 8 March 2014 / Accepted: 12 March 2014 / Published: 17 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Controlled/Living Radical Polymerization)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [879 KB, uploaded 17 March 2014]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: Organic superbases reacted with alkyl iodides (RI) to reversibly generate the corresponding alkyl radicals (R). Via this reaction, organic superbases were utilized as new and highly efficient organic catalysts in living radical polymerization. The superbase catalysts included guanidines, aminophosphines and phosphazenes. Low-polydispersity polymers (Mw/Mn = 1.1–1.4) were obtained up to high conversions (e.g., 80%) in reasonably short times (3–12 h) at mild temperatures (60–80 °C) for methyl methacrylate, styrene and several functional methacrylates. The high polymerization rate and good monomer versatility are attractive features of these superbase catalysts.
Keywords: organic superbases; organic catalysts; living radical polymerization; reversible complexation mediated polymerization; radical chemistry; alkyl iodide organic superbases; organic catalysts; living radical polymerization; reversible complexation mediated polymerization; radical chemistry; alkyl iodide
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Lei, L.; Tanishima, M.; Goto, A.; Kaji, H. Living Radical Polymerization via Organic Superbase Catalysis. Polymers 2014, 6, 860-872.

AMA Style

Lei L, Tanishima M, Goto A, Kaji H. Living Radical Polymerization via Organic Superbase Catalysis. Polymers. 2014; 6(3):860-872.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lei, Lin; Tanishima, Miho; Goto, Atsushi; Kaji, Hironori. 2014. "Living Radical Polymerization via Organic Superbase Catalysis." Polymers 6, no. 3: 860-872.


Polymers EISSN 2073-4360 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert