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Theory-Guided Design of Organic Electro-Optic Materials and Devices
Departments of Chemistry & Electrical Engineering, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 July 2011; in revised form: 2 August 2011 / Accepted: 16 August 2011 / Published: 19 August 2011
Abstract: Integrated (multi-scale) quantum and statistical mechanical theoretical methods have guided the nano-engineering of controlled intermolecular electrostatic interactions for the dramatic improvement of acentric order and thus electro-optic activity of melt-processable organic polymer and dendrimer electro-optic materials. New measurement techniques have permitted quantitative determination of the molecular order parameters, lattice dimensionality, and nanoscale viscoelasticity properties of these new soft matter materials and have facilitated comparison of theoretically-predicted structures and thermodynamic properties with experimentally-defined structures and properties. New processing protocols have permitted further enhancement of material properties and have facilitated the fabrication of complex device structures. The integration of organic electro-optic materials into silicon photonic, plasmonic, and metamaterial device architectures has led to impressive new performance metrics for a variety of technological applications.
Keywords: organic electro-optic materials and devices; electric field poling; chromophores with high molecular first hyperpolarizability; laser-assisted poling; time-dependent density functional theory; course-grained Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics methods; nano-engineering of intermolecular interactions; silicon photonics; plasmonics; metamaterials
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Dalton, L.; Benight, S. Theory-Guided Design of Organic Electro-Optic Materials and Devices. Polymers 2011, 3, 1325-1351.
Dalton L, Benight S. Theory-Guided Design of Organic Electro-Optic Materials and Devices. Polymers. 2011; 3(3):1325-1351.
Dalton, Larry; Benight, Stephanie. 2011. "Theory-Guided Design of Organic Electro-Optic Materials and Devices." Polymers 3, no. 3: 1325-1351.