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Thermal Cloud Point Fractionation of Poly(vinyl alcohol-co-vinyl acetate): Partition of Nanogels in the Fractions
Laboratoire de Photochimie et d’Ingénierie Macromoléculaires (LPIM), Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Mulhouse (ENSCMu), University of Haute Alsace, 3, rue Alfred Werner, 68093 Mulhouse Cedex, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 April 2011; in revised form: 20 June 2011 / Accepted: 1 July 2011 / Published: 4 July 2011
Abstract: Poly(vinyl acetate-co-vinyl alcohol) (PVA), well-known as emulsion stabilizers, are obtained by partial hydrolysis of poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc). Their thermal cloud point fractionation was performed in aqueous medium between 40 and 75 °C. This fractionation was carried out in order to get an insight in the partition of the initially present nanogels in the different fractions. All the fractions were characterized by size exclusion chromatography (SEC), NMR and dynamic light scattering (DLS) giving access to average degree of polymerization , DPw average degree of hydrolysis DH, average sequence lengths of vinyl acetate VAc, volume fraction and average size diameter (Dv) of nanogels and “free PVA chains”. The polydispersity of the samples in DPw, DH and VAc could be confirmed. The nanogels characterized by the highest values of volume fraction and Dv, in the range of 40–43 nm, were separated in the first coacervate fraction, whereas the most soluble fraction with low VAc content does not contain nanogels but only “free chains” of a Dv value of around 7–8 nm. The nanogels in the various fractions could further be disaggregated into “free chains” by complex formation with sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS).
Keywords: thermal cloud point fractionation; poly(vinyl acetate-co-vinyl alcohol) (PVA); nanogels; sodium dodecyl sulfate; complex formation; particle size determination
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MDPI and ACS Style
Atanase, L.I.; Riess, G. Thermal Cloud Point Fractionation of Poly(vinyl alcohol-co-vinyl acetate): Partition of Nanogels in the Fractions. Polymers 2011, 3, 1065-1075.
Atanase LI, Riess G. Thermal Cloud Point Fractionation of Poly(vinyl alcohol-co-vinyl acetate): Partition of Nanogels in the Fractions. Polymers. 2011; 3(3):1065-1075.
Atanase, Leonard I.; Riess, Gérard. 2011. "Thermal Cloud Point Fractionation of Poly(vinyl alcohol-co-vinyl acetate): Partition of Nanogels in the Fractions." Polymers 3, no. 3: 1065-1075.