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Hydrogels for Cardiac Tissue Engineering
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 March 2011; Accepted: 8 April 2011 / Published: 9 April 2011
Abstract: Cardiac tissue regeneration is an integrated process involving both cells and supporting matrix. Cardiomyocytes and stem cells are utilized to regenerate cardiac tissue. Hydrogels, because of their tissue-like properties, have been used as supporting matrices to deliver cells into infarcted cardiac muscle. Bioactive and biocompatible hydrogels mimicking biochemical and biomechanical microenvironments in native tissue are needed for successful cardiac tissue regeneration. These hydrogels not only retain cells in the infarcted area, but also provide support for restoring myocardial wall stress and cell survival and functioning. Many hydrogels, including natural polymer hydrogels, synthetic polymer hydrogels, and natural/synthetic hybrid hydrogels are employed for cardiac tissue engineering. In this review, types of hydrogels used for cardiac tissue engineering are briefly introduced. Their advantages and disadvantages are discussed. Furthermore, strategies for cardiac regeneration using hydrogels are reviewed.
Keywords: hydrogel; cardiac tissue engineering; stem cells; biofunctional polymers
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MDPI and ACS Style
Li, Z.; Guan, J. Hydrogels for Cardiac Tissue Engineering. Polymers 2011, 3, 740-761.
Li Z, Guan J. Hydrogels for Cardiac Tissue Engineering. Polymers. 2011; 3(2):740-761.
Li, Zhenqing; Guan, Jianjun. 2011. "Hydrogels for Cardiac Tissue Engineering." Polymers 3, no. 2: 740-761.