Tough and Self-Healable Nanocomposite Hydrogels for Repeatable Water Treatment
AbstractNanomaterials with ultrahigh specific surface areas are promising adsorbents for water-pollutants such as dyes and heavy metal ions. However, an ongoing challenge is that the dispersed nanomaterials can easily flow into the water stream and induce secondary pollution. To address this challenge, we employed nanomaterials to bridge hydrogel networks to form a nanocomposite hydrogel as an alternative water-pollutant adsorbent. While most of the existing hydrogels that are used to treat wastewater are weak and non-healable, we present a tough TiO2 nanocomposite hydrogel that can be activated by ultraviolet (UV) light to demonstrate highly efficient self-healing, heavy metal adsorption, and repeatable dye degradation. The high toughness of the nanocomposite hydrogel is induced by the sequential detachment of polymer chains from the nanoparticle crosslinkers to dissipate the stored strain energy within the polymer network. The self-healing behavior is enabled by the UV-assisted rebinding of the reversible bonds between the polymer chains and nanoparticle surfaces. Also, the UV-induced free radicals on the TiO2 nanoparticle can facilitate the binding of heavy metal ions and repeated degradation of dye molecules. We expect this self-healable, photo-responsive, tough hydrogel to open various avenues for resilient and reusable wastewater treatment materials. View Full-Text
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Yu, K.; Wang, D.; Wang, Q. Tough and Self-Healable Nanocomposite Hydrogels for Repeatable Water Treatment. Polymers 2018, 10, 880.
Yu K, Wang D, Wang Q. Tough and Self-Healable Nanocomposite Hydrogels for Repeatable Water Treatment. Polymers. 2018; 10(8):880.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yu, Kunhao; Wang, Di; Wang, Qiming. 2018. "Tough and Self-Healable Nanocomposite Hydrogels for Repeatable Water Treatment." Polymers 10, no. 8: 880.
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