Next Article in Journal
Controlled Preparation of Thermally Stable Fe-Poly(dimethylsiloxane) Composite by Magnetic Induction Heating
Next Article in Special Issue
Plant Secondary Metabolite-Derived Polymers: A Potential Approach to Develop Antimicrobial Films
Previous Article in Journal
Solid-State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Nuclear Magnetic Relaxation Time Analyses of Molecular Mobility and Compatibility of Plasticized Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) Copolymers
Previous Article in Special Issue
Barrier Properties of Poly(Propylene Cyclohexanedicarboxylate) Random Eco-Friendly Copolyesters
Article Menu
Issue 5 (May) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Polymers 2018, 10(5), 505; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10050505

Nanofiller Reinforced Biodegradable PLA/PHA Composites: Current Status and Future Trends

1
College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
2
School of Civil Engineering & Architecture, Taizhou University, Taizhou 318000, Zhejiang, China
3
Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
4
State Key Laboratory of Organic-Inorganic Composites, Beijing 100029, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 April 2018 / Revised: 3 May 2018 / Accepted: 4 May 2018 / Published: 7 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymers from Renewable Resources)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2379 KB, uploaded 7 May 2018]   |  

Abstract

The increasing demand for environmental protection has led to the rapid development of greener and biodegradable polymers, whose creation provided new challenges and opportunities for the advancement of nanomaterial science. Biodegradable polymer materials and even nanofillers (e.g., natural fibers) are important because of their application in greener industries. Polymers that can be degraded naturally play an important role in solving public hazards of polymer materials and maintaining ecological balance. The inherent shortcomings of some biodegradable polymers such as weak mechanical properties, narrow processing windows, and low electrical and thermal properties can be overcome by composites reinforced with various nanofillers. These biodegradable polymer composites have wide-ranging applications in different areas based on their large surface area and greater aspect ratio. Moreover, the polymer composites that exploit the synergistic effect between the nanofiller and the biodegradable polymer matrix can lead to enhanced properties while still meeting the environmental requirement. In this paper, a broad review on recent advances in the research and development of nanofiller reinforced biodegradable polymer composites that are used in various applications, including electronics, packing materials, and biomedical uses, is presented. We further present information about different kinds of nanofillers, biodegradable polymer matrixes, and their composites with specific concern to our daily applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodegradable; nanocellulose; carbon nanotubes; nanoclay; polymer composites biodegradable; nanocellulose; carbon nanotubes; nanoclay; polymer composites
Figures

Graphical abstract

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Sun, J.; Shen, J.; Chen, S.; Cooper, M.A.; Fu, H.; Wu, D.; Yang, Z. Nanofiller Reinforced Biodegradable PLA/PHA Composites: Current Status and Future Trends. Polymers 2018, 10, 505.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Polymers EISSN 2073-4360 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top