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Polymers 2018, 10(2), 220; doi:10.3390/polym10020220

Adsorption of Polyelectrolyte onto Nanosilica Synthesized from Rice Husk: Characteristics, Mechanisms, and Application for Antibiotic Removal

Faculty of Chemistry, VNU-University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, 19 Le Thanh Tong, Hoan Kiem, Hanoi 10000, Vietnam
HUS High School for Gifted Students, Hanoi University of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, 182 Luong The Vinh, Thanh Xuan, Hanoi 10000, Vietnam
High School of Education Sciences, University of Education, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Kieu Mai, Phuc Dien, Bac Tu Liem, Hanoi 10000, Vietnam
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 December 2017 / Revised: 12 February 2018 / Accepted: 22 February 2018 / Published: 23 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer-Based Nano-Sorbent Materials)
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Adsorption of the polyelectrolyte polydiallyldimethylammonium chloride (PDADMAC) onto nanosilica (SiO2) fabricated from rice husk was studied in this work. Nanosilica was characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Adsorption of PDADMAC onto SiO2 increased with increasing pH because the negative charge of SiO2 is higher at high pH. Adsorption isotherms of PDADMAC onto silica at different KCl concentrations were fitted well by a two-step adsorption model. Adsorption mechanisms of PDADMAC onto SiO2 are discussed on the basis of surface charge change, evaluation by ζ potential, surface modification by FTIR measurements, and the adsorption isotherm. The application of PDADMAC adsorption onto SiO2 to remove amoxicillin antibiotic (AMX) was also studied. Experimental conditions such as contact time, pH, and adsorbent dosage for removal of AMX using SiO2 modified with PDADMAC were systematically optimized and found to be 180 min, pH 10, and 10 mg/mL, respectively. The removal efficiency of AMX using PDADMAC-modified SiO2 increased significantly from 19.1% to 92.3% under optimum adsorptive conditions. We indicate that PDADMAC-modified SiO2 rice husk is a novel adsorbent for removal of antibiotics from aqueous solution. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyelectrolyte; PDADMAC adsorption; nanosilica; rice husk; amoxicillin polyelectrolyte; PDADMAC adsorption; nanosilica; rice husk; amoxicillin

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Pham, T.D.; Bui, T.T.; Nguyen, V.T.; Bui, T.K.V.; Tran, T.T.; Phan, Q.C.; Pham, T.D.; Hoang, T.H. Adsorption of Polyelectrolyte onto Nanosilica Synthesized from Rice Husk: Characteristics, Mechanisms, and Application for Antibiotic Removal. Polymers 2018, 10, 220.

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