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Polymers 2018, 10(2), 210; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10020210

Application of Superabsorbent Spacer Fabrics as Exuding Wound Dressing

Institute of Textiles and Clothing, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong, China
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Received: 26 January 2018 / Revised: 14 February 2018 / Accepted: 20 February 2018 / Published: 22 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Textile and Textile-Based Materials)
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Abstract

Exuding wound care requires a dressing to quickly absorb exudates and properly manage moisture during the healing process. In this study, the superabsorbent spacer fabrics were designed and fabricated for application in exuding wound dressings. The fabric structure consists of three layers, including two outer hydrophobic layers made of polyester/spandex yarns and one superabsorbent middle layer made of superabsorbent yarns. In order to confirm the performance of these superabsorbent spacer fabrics, their dressing properties were tested and compared with two commercial foam dressings. The results showed that all the superabsorbent spacer fabrics had much faster wetting speeds (less than 2 s) than the foam dressings (6.04 s for Foam A and 63.69 s for Foam B). The absorbency of the superabsorbent spacer fabrics was at least twice higher than that of the foam dressings. The air permeability of the superabsorbent spacer fabrics (higher than 15 mL/s/cm2 at 100 Pa) was much higher than that of the foam dressings which had a too low permeability to be measured by the testing device. In addition, the water vapor permeability, thermal insulation, and conformability of superabsorbent spacer fabrics were comparable to foam dressings. The study indicates that the superabsorbent spacer fabrics are suitable for exuding wound dressing applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: wound dressing; exuding wound; superabsorbent fabric; spacer fabric wound dressing; exuding wound; superabsorbent fabric; spacer fabric
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Yang, Y.; Hu, H. Application of Superabsorbent Spacer Fabrics as Exuding Wound Dressing. Polymers 2018, 10, 210.

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