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Polymers 2018, 10(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10010003

Manufacturing and Characterization of Toughened Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) Formulations by Ternary Blends with Biopolyesters

1
Materials Science Division, Technological Institute of Materials, Universitat Politècnica de València, 03801 Alcoy, Alicante, Spain
2
Manufacturing Engineering Division, Technological Institute of Materials, Universitat Politècnica de València, 03801 Alcoy, Alicante, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 November 2017 / Revised: 17 December 2017 / Accepted: 18 December 2017 / Published: 21 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodegradable and Biobased Polyesters)
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Abstract

Ternary blends with a constant poly(lactic acid) (PLA) content (60 wt %) and varying amounts of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) and poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) were manufactured by one step melt blending process followed by injection moulding, with the main aim of improving the low intrinsic toughness of PLA. Mechanical properties were obtained from tensile and Charpy impact tests. The miscibility and morphology of the system was studied by thermal analysis and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). The obtained results showed a clear phase separation, thus indicating poor miscibility between these three biopolyesters, i.e., PLA, the continuous component with dispersed PHB and PCL domains in the form of different sphere size. Nevertheless, the high fragility of PLA was remarkably reduced, as detected by the Charpy impact test. In accordance with the decrease in brittleness, a remarkable increase in elongation at break is achieved, with increasing PCL load due to its flexibility; in addition, increasing PCL load provides thermal stability at high temperatures. Thus, tailored materials can be manufactured by melt blending PLA, PHB, and PCL in different percentages to offer a wide range of biodegradable polymer blends. View Full-Text
Keywords: blending; poly(lactic acid) (PLA); biopolyesters; mechanical properties; thermal properties blending; poly(lactic acid) (PLA); biopolyesters; mechanical properties; thermal properties
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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García-Campo, M.J.; Boronat, T.; Quiles-Carrillo, L.; Balart, R.; Montanes, N. Manufacturing and Characterization of Toughened Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) Formulations by Ternary Blends with Biopolyesters. Polymers 2018, 10, 3.

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