Melamine–Glyoxal–Glutaraldehyde Wood Panel Adhesives without Formaldehyde
Abstract(MGG’) resin adhesives for bonding wood panels were prepared by a single step procedure, namely reacting melamine with glyoxal and simultaneously with a much smaller proportion of glutaraldehyde. No formaldehyde was used. The inherent slow hardening of this resin was overcome by the addition of N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone hydrogen sulphate ionic liquid as the adhesive hardener in the glue mix. The plywood strength results obtained were comparable with those obtained with melamine–formaldehyde resins pressed under the same conditions. Matrix assisted laser desorption ionisation time of flight (MALDI ToF) and Fourier transform Infrared (FTIR) analysis allowed the identification of the main oligomer species obtained and of the different types of linkages formed, as well as to indicate the multifaceted role of the ionic liquid. These resins are proposed as a suitable substitute for equivalent formaldehyde-based resins. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Xi, X.; Pizzi, A.; Amirou, S. Melamine–Glyoxal–Glutaraldehyde Wood Panel Adhesives without Formaldehyde. Polymers 2018, 10, 22.
Xi X, Pizzi A, Amirou S. Melamine–Glyoxal–Glutaraldehyde Wood Panel Adhesives without Formaldehyde. Polymers. 2018; 10(1):22.Chicago/Turabian Style
Xi, Xuedong; Pizzi, Antonio; Amirou, Siham. 2018. "Melamine–Glyoxal–Glutaraldehyde Wood Panel Adhesives without Formaldehyde." Polymers 10, no. 1: 22.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.