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Polymers 2018, 10(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10010002

Titanium(III, IV)-Containing Catalytic Systems for Production of Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polyethylene Nascent Reactor Powders, Suitable for Solventless Processing—Impact of Oxidation States of Transition Metal

1
Department of Chemistry, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, 1 Leninskie Gory, 119992 Moscow, Russia
2
A. N. Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, 28 ul. Vavilova, 119991 Moscow, Russia
3
Enikolopov Institute of Synthetic Polymer Materials, Russian Academy of Sciences, Profsoyuznaya Str., 70; 117393 Moscow, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 December 2017 / Revised: 16 December 2017 / Accepted: 18 December 2017 / Published: 21 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Olefin Polymerization and Polyolefin)
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Abstract

Catalytic systems containing TiCl4 or TiCl3, THF, organomagnesium (n-Bu2Mg) and organoaluminum compounds capable of producing ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) were developed. The resulting polymers were characterized by a molecular weight in the range of (1.8–7.8) × 106 Da and desirable morphology, suitable for modern methods of polymer processing—the solvent-free solid-state processing of superhigh-strength (tensile strength up to 2.1 GPa) and high-modulus (elastic modulus up to 125 GPa) oriented films and film tapes. The impacts of a THF additive, the oxidation state of the titanium atom, and the composition and nature of the nontransition organometallic compounds on the formation of catalytic systems for UHMWPE production were evaluated. The results indicate the suitability of individual titanium chloride tetrahydrofuran complex application for the formation of THF-containing catalytic systems. This approach also results in a significant increase in the system catalytic activity and mechanical properties of UHMWPE. The catalysts based on Ti(III) were inferior to systems containing Ti(IV) in productivity but were markedly superior in the mechanical properties of UHMWPE. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ziegler–Natta polymerization; coordination compounds; titanium; ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene; mechanical properties Ziegler–Natta polymerization; coordination compounds; titanium; ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene; mechanical properties
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Tuskaev, V.A.; Gagieva, S.C.; Kurmaev, D.A.; Kolosov, N.A.; Mikhaylik, E.S.; Golubev, E.K.; Sizov, A.I.; Zubkevich, S.V.; Vasil’ev, V.G.; Nikiforova, G.G.; Buzin, M.I.; Serenko, O.A.; Bulychev, B.M. Titanium(III, IV)-Containing Catalytic Systems for Production of Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polyethylene Nascent Reactor Powders, Suitable for Solventless Processing—Impact of Oxidation States of Transition Metal. Polymers 2018, 10, 2.

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