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Crystals 2018, 8(4), 160; doi:10.3390/cryst8040160

Interaction of Edge Dislocations with Graphene Nanosheets in Graphene/Fe Composites

1
School of Materials Science and Engineering & Key Laboratory for Anisotropy and Texture of Materials, Ministry of Education, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
2
Northeastern Institute of Metal Materials Co., Ltd., Shenyang 110108, China
3
Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 February 2018 / Revised: 30 March 2018 / Accepted: 1 April 2018 / Published: 4 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Graphene Mechanics)
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Abstract

Graphene is an ideal reinforcement material for metal-matrix composites owing to its exceptional mechanical properties. However, as a 2D layered material, graphene shows highly anisotropic behavior, which greatly affects the mechanical properties of graphene-based composites. In this study, the interaction between an edge dislocation (b = 1/2 (111)) and a pair of graphene nanosheets (GNSs) in GNS reinforced iron matrix composite (GNS/Fe) was investigated using molecular dynamic simulations under simple shearing conditions. We studied the cases wherein the GNS pair was parallel to the (1 1 ¯ 0), (11 2 ¯ ), and (111) planes, respectively. The results showed that the GNS reinforcement can effectively hinder dislocation motion, which improves the yield strength. The interaction between the edge dislocation and the GNS pair parallel to the (11 2 ¯ ) plane showed the strongest effect of blocking dislocations among the three cases, resulting in increases in the shear modulus and yield stress of 107% and 1400%, respectively. This remarkable enhancement was attributed to the Orowan “by-passing” strengthening mechanism, whereas cross-slip of dislocation segments was observed during looping around GNSs. Our results might contribute to the development of high-strength iron matrix composites. View Full-Text
Keywords: graphene; graphene-based iron matrix composite; mechanical properties; edge dislocation graphene; graphene-based iron matrix composite; mechanical properties; edge dislocation
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Wang, L.; Jin, J.; Cao, J.; Yang, P.; Peng, Q. Interaction of Edge Dislocations with Graphene Nanosheets in Graphene/Fe Composites. Crystals 2018, 8, 160.

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