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Crystals 2017, 7(7), 188; doi:10.3390/cryst7070188

Research on Nonlinear Absorption Effect in KDP and 70%-DKDP Crystals

1
State Key Laboratory of Crystal Materials and Institute of Crystal Materials, Shandong University, Jinan 250100, China
2
Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Laser Polarization and Information Technology, College of Physics and Engineering, Qufu Normal University, Qufu 273165, China
3
Key Laboratory of Functional Crystal Materials and Device, Shandong University, Ministry of Education, Jinan 250100, China
4
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH 43403, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 May 2017 / Revised: 17 June 2017 / Accepted: 17 June 2017 / Published: 1 July 2017
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Abstract

Nonlinear optical absorption effect in KDP and 70%-DKDP crystals, which were grown by the conventional temperature cooling method, was systematically studied using picosecond pulse laser excitation. Using open aperture Z-scan measurements, the dependence of nonlinear absorption effect on sample orientations (I, II, and z) as well as laser intensity was systematically measured at λ = 1064 and 532 nm. According to the experimental results, the nonlinear absorption effect at λ = 532 nm was confirmed, while at λ = 1064 nm no nonlinear absorption was observed for KDP and 70%-DKDP crystals. In addition, the optical absorption along I- and II-type affected by laser intensity was larger than that along the z-direction. The important nonlinear absorption coefficients β and χ I ( 3 ) (esu) measured along different orientations were exhibited in detail at wavelengths of 1064 nm and 532 nm. The results indicate that nonlinear absorption coefficients increase first and then decrease with the increment of laser intensity for KDP and 70%-DKDP crystals. View Full-Text
Keywords: nonlinear absorption effect; Z-scan; KDP and 70%-DKDP crystals nonlinear absorption effect; Z-scan; KDP and 70%-DKDP crystals
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, D.; Wang, S.; Wang, J.; Shen, C.; Li, W.; Huang, P.; Liu, H.; Boughton, R.I. Research on Nonlinear Absorption Effect in KDP and 70%-DKDP Crystals. Crystals 2017, 7, 188.

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