Structure Property Relationships and Cationic Doping in [Ca24Al28O64]4+ Framework: A Review
Materials Science and Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Helmut Cölfen
Received: 20 March 2017 / Revised: 8 May 2017 / Accepted: 10 May 2017 / Published: 16 May 2017
) is a material with a clathrate cage framework, positively charged and stabilized by anions occluded within 17% of the cages. The occluded anion is modular and can be elemental, polyatomic, and electronic in nature. This review focuses on the electride C12A7 (
), where O2−
anions are replaced with electrons, and compliments previous structural and electronic property reviews to illuminate the structure–property relationships. Electride formation is updated with new findings in carbonaceous reduction methods. Most importantly, an extensive compilation of cationic doped C12A7 isostructural compounds is presented as motivation to study doped C12A7 electrides. Cationic dopants have profound impacts on the electronic properties due to changes in the density of states, localized electron behavior, and structural distortions.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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MDPI and ACS Style
Salasin, J.R.; Rawn, C. Structure Property Relationships and Cationic Doping in [Ca24Al28O64]4+ Framework: A Review. Crystals 2017, 7, 143.
Salasin JR, Rawn C. Structure Property Relationships and Cationic Doping in [Ca24Al28O64]4+ Framework: A Review. Crystals. 2017; 7(5):143.
Salasin, John R.; Rawn, Claudia. 2017. "Structure Property Relationships and Cationic Doping in [Ca24Al28O64]4+ Framework: A Review." Crystals 7, no. 5: 143.
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