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Crystals 2017, 7(4), 107; doi:10.3390/cryst7040107

Li2HgMS4 (M = Si, Ge, Sn): New Quaternary Diamond-Like Semiconductors for Infrared Laser Frequency Conversion

Key Laboratory of Functional Materials and Devices for Special Environments of CAS, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Electronic Information Materials and Devices, Xinjiang Technical Institute of Physics & Chemistry of CAS, 40-1 South Beijing Road, Urumqi 830011, China
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Academic Editor: Stevin Snellius Pramana
Received: 23 February 2017 / Revised: 29 March 2017 / Accepted: 6 April 2017 / Published: 12 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Crystal Structure of Electroceramics)
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Abstract

A new family of quaternary diamond-like semiconductors (DLSs), Li2HgMS4 (M = Si, Ge, Sn), were successfully discovered for the first time. All of them are isostructural and crystallize in the polar space group (Pmn21). Seen from their structures, they exhibit a three-dimensional (3D) framework structure that is composed of countless 2D honeycomb layers stacked along the c axis. An interesting feature, specifically, that the LiS4 tetrahedra connect with each other to build a 2D layer in the ac plane, is also observed. Experimental investigations show that their nonlinear optical responses are about 0.8 for Li2HgSiS4, 3.0 for Li2HgGeS4, and 4.0 for Li2HgSnS4 times that of benchmark AgGaS2 at the 55–88 μm particle size, respectively. In addition, Li2HgSiS4 and Li2HgGeS4 also have great laser-damage thresholds that are about 3.0 and 2.3 times that of powdered AgGaS2, respectively. The above results indicate that title compounds can be expected as promising IR NLO candidates. View Full-Text
Keywords: nonlinear optical materials; crystal structure; good NLO responses nonlinear optical materials; crystal structure; good NLO responses
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Wu, K.; Pan, S. Li2HgMS4 (M = Si, Ge, Sn): New Quaternary Diamond-Like Semiconductors for Infrared Laser Frequency Conversion. Crystals 2017, 7, 107.

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