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Crystals 2017, 7(10), 289; doi:10.3390/cryst7100289

Microstructural Feature and Magnetocaloric Effect of Mn50Ni40.5In9.5 Melt-Spun Ribbons

1
Key Laboratory for Anisotropy and Texture of Materials (Ministry of Education), School of Material Science and Engineering, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
2
Research Institute, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110819, China
3
Laboratoire d’Étude des Microstructures et de Mécanique des Matériaux (LEM3), CNRS UMR 7239, Université de Lorraine, 57045 Metz, France
4
Laboratory of Excellence on Design of Alloy Metals for low-mAss Structures (DAMAS), Université de Lorraine, 57045 Metz, France
5
Taiyuan University of Science and Technology, Taiyuan 030024, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Shujun Zhang
Received: 24 August 2017 / Revised: 14 September 2017 / Accepted: 21 September 2017 / Published: 25 September 2017
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Abstract

The microstructure and magnetocaloric properties of the melt-spun and annealed Mn50Ni40.5In9.5 ribbons were studied. It is shown that the post-annealing results in a considerable increase of the grain size for the initial austenite, where the columnar-shaped austenite grains almost run through the whole ribbon. Both the melt-spun and annealed ribbons consist of the mixture of austenite and martensite at room temperature, where a 8-layered modulated (8M) martensite structure was identified through selected area electron diffraction (SAED). Further High-angle Annular Dark-field (HAADF) characterizations reveal that the modulation period of 8M martensite is not homogeneous in one martensite plate. Due to strong magneto-structural coupling, the inverse martensitic transformation from a weak magnetic martensite to a strong magnetic austenite can be induced by the magnetic field, resulting in the inverse magnetocaloric effect around room temperature. For a field change of 5 T, the magnetic entropy change ΔSM of 3.7 J·kg−1·K−1 and 6.1 J·kg−1·K−1, and the effective refrigerant capacity RCeff of 52.91 J·kg−1 and 99.08 J·kg−1 were obtained for melt-spun and annealed ribbons, respectively. The improvement of the magnetocaloric properties after annealing should be attributed to the enhanced atomic ordering and magnetization difference between two phases, as well as the reduced hysteresis loss. In addition, both the melt-spun and annealed ribbons can work at a relatively wide temperature range, i.e., δTFWHM = 34 K for melt-spun ribbons and δTFWHM = 28 K for annealed ribbons. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mn-Ni-In ribbons; microstructure; magnetostructural transformation; magnetocaloric effect Mn-Ni-In ribbons; microstructure; magnetostructural transformation; magnetocaloric effect
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, Y.; Li, Z.; Li, Z.; Yang, J.; Yang, B.; Dong, Y.; Yan, H.; Zhang, Y.; Esling, C.; Zhao, X.; Zuo, L. Microstructural Feature and Magnetocaloric Effect of Mn50Ni40.5In9.5 Melt-Spun Ribbons. Crystals 2017, 7, 289.

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