Band Structure of Photonic Crystals Fabricated by Two-Photon Polymerization
AbstractWe study theoretically the band-gap structures of several types of three-dimensional photonic crystals with the fcc lattice symmetry: synthetic opals, inverted yablonovite and woodpile. The samples of inverted yablonovite, inverted yablonovite with a glassy superstructure and woodpile are fabricated by two-photon polymerization through a direct laser writing technique, which allows the creation of complex three-dimensional photonic crystals with a resolution better than 100 nm. A material is polymerized along the trace of a moving laser focus, thus enabling the fabrication of any desirable three-dimensional structure by direct “recording” into the volume of a photosensitive material. The correspondence of the structures of the fabricated samples to the expected fcc lattices is confirmed by scanning electron microscopy. We discuss theoretically how the complete photonic band-gap is modified by structural and dielectric parameters. We demonstrate that the photonic properties of opal and yablonovite are opposite: the complete photonic band gap appears in the inverted opal, and direct yablonovite is absent in direct opal and inverted yablonovite. View Full-Text
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Rybin, M.V.; Shishkin, I.I.; Samusev, K.B.; Belov, P.A.; Kivshar, Y.S.; Kiyan, R.V.; Chichkov, B.N.; Limonov, M.F. Band Structure of Photonic Crystals Fabricated by Two-Photon Polymerization. Crystals 2015, 5, 61-73.
Rybin MV, Shishkin II, Samusev KB, Belov PA, Kivshar YS, Kiyan RV, Chichkov BN, Limonov MF. Band Structure of Photonic Crystals Fabricated by Two-Photon Polymerization. Crystals. 2015; 5(1):61-73.Chicago/Turabian Style
Rybin, Mikhail V.; Shishkin, Ivan I.; Samusev, Kirill B.; Belov, Pavel A.; Kivshar, Yuri S.; Kiyan, Roman V.; Chichkov, Boris N.; Limonov, Mikhail F. 2015. "Band Structure of Photonic Crystals Fabricated by Two-Photon Polymerization." Crystals 5, no. 1: 61-73.