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Catalysts 2017, 7(9), 265; doi:10.3390/catal7090265

Hydrodeoxygenation of Lignin-Derived Phenols: From Fundamental Studies towards Industrial Applications

Johan Gadolin Process Chemistry Centre, Åbo Akademi University, 20500 Turku/Åbo, Finland
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Received: 7 August 2017 / Revised: 21 August 2017 / Accepted: 22 August 2017 / Published: 7 September 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Catalytic Sustainable Processes in Biorefineries)

Abstract

Hydrodeoxygenation (HDO) of bio-oils, lignin and their model compounds is summarized in this review. The main emphasis is put on elucidating the reaction network, catalyst stability and time-on-stream behavior, in order to better understand the prerequisite for industrial utilization of biomass in HDO to produce fuels and chemicals. The results have shown that more oxygenated feedstock, selection of temperature and pressure as well as presence of certain catalyst poisons or co-feed have a prominent role in the HDO of real biomass. Theoretical considerations, such as density function theory (DFT) calculations, were also considered, giving scientific background for the further development of HDO of real biomass. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrodeoxygenation; bio-oil; guaiacol; lignin; heterogeneous catalyst; fuel hydrodeoxygenation; bio-oil; guaiacol; lignin; heterogeneous catalyst; fuel
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Mäki-Arvela, P.; Murzin, D.Y. Hydrodeoxygenation of Lignin-Derived Phenols: From Fundamental Studies towards Industrial Applications. Catalysts 2017, 7, 265.

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