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Catalysts 2017, 7(9), 256; doi:10.3390/catal7090256

Controllable and Large-Scale Synthesis of Carbon Nanostructures: A Review on Bamboo-Like Nanotubes

1
School of Science, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
2
Faculty of Materials Science and Chemistry, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China
3
Institute for the Study of Nanostructured Materials (ISMN)-CNR, Via Ugo La Malfa 153, 90146 Palermo, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Di-Jia Liu and Jianguo Liu
Received: 27 July 2017 / Revised: 17 August 2017 / Accepted: 18 August 2017 / Published: 30 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Heterogeneous Catalysis & Hydrogen Storage)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7879 KB, uploaded 30 August 2017]   |  

Abstract

Bamboo-like carbon nanotubes are members of the carbon nanotubes (CNTs) family, whose structure is made up of separated hollow compartments and bamboo knots. Due to the peculiar structure of the CNTs species, the growth mechanism and related features have been widely investigated. Bamboo-like carbon nanotubes are widely applied in several fields, such as sensors, adsorbents, catalysts, and lithium-ion battery electrodes materials. Different methods have been applied for the synthesis of carbon nanotubes, among them, catalytic chemical vapor deposition has been singled out as the most used procedure due to low cost with a high quality product. The present review is devoted to increasing the literature dealing with the design, synthesis, and characterization of bamboo-like carbon nanotubes grown over different catalysts. Results on the methane dry reforming reaction, hydrocarbon thermal decomposition, special chemical vapor deposition as well as other methods applied to the preparation of bamboo-like carbon nanotubes are discussed. The differences in the carbon deposits between the dry reforming reaction and other reaction methods are compared and possible formation mechanisms of bamboo-like carbon nanotubes are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: bamboo-like carbon nanotubes; preparation methods; dry reforming reactions; hydrocarbon thermal decomposition; chemical vapor deposition; structural properties; Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) characterization bamboo-like carbon nanotubes; preparation methods; dry reforming reactions; hydrocarbon thermal decomposition; chemical vapor deposition; structural properties; Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) characterization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jia, Z.; Kou, K.; Qin, M.; Wu, H.; Puleo, F.; Liotta, L.F. Controllable and Large-Scale Synthesis of Carbon Nanostructures: A Review on Bamboo-Like Nanotubes. Catalysts 2017, 7, 256.

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