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Catalysts 2017, 7(6), 183; doi:10.3390/catal7060183

Review on Copper and Palladium Based Catalysts for Methanol Steam Reforming to Produce Hydrogen

1
School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Harbin Institute of Technology, Shenzhen Graduate School, Shenzhen 518055, China
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Edinburg, TX 78539, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Benoît Louis, Qiang Wang and Marcelo Maciel Pereira
Received: 4 May 2017 / Revised: 26 May 2017 / Accepted: 26 May 2017 / Published: 8 June 2017
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Abstract

Methanol steam reforming is a promising technology for producing hydrogen for onboard fuel cell applications. The methanol conversion rate and the contents of hydrogen, carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide in the reformate, significantly depend on the reforming catalyst. Copper-based catalysts and palladium-based catalysts can effectively convert methanol into hydrogen and carbon dioxide. Copper and palladium-based catalysts with different formulations and compositions have been thoroughly investigated in the literature. This work summarized the development of the two groups of catalysts for methanol steam reforming. Interactions between the activity components and the supports as well as the effects of different promoters were discussed. Compositional and morphological characteristics, along with the methanol steam reforming performances of different Cu/ZnO and Pd/ZnO catalysts promoted by Al2O3, CeO2, ZrO2 or other metal oxides, were reviewed and compared. Moreover, the reaction mechanism of methanol steam reforming over the copper based and palladium based catalysts were discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: copper based catalysts; palladium based catalysts; methanol steam reforming; hydrogen copper based catalysts; palladium based catalysts; methanol steam reforming; hydrogen
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Xu, X.; Shuai, K.; Xu, B. Review on Copper and Palladium Based Catalysts for Methanol Steam Reforming to Produce Hydrogen. Catalysts 2017, 7, 183.

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