Styrene Oxidation to Valuable Compounds over Nanosized FeCo-Based Catalysts: Effect of the Third Metal Addition
AbstractNanosized FeCo-based solids were prepared via distinct preparation procedures. The catalytic performances of the solids for styrene oxidation in the presence of hydrogen peroxide were evaluated. The addition of promoters in FeCo such as Sn, Mo, or Cu was also investigated. The catalysts were characterized with XRD, Raman spectroscopy, TEM, chemical analyses, EPR and SEM-EDS. Of these solids obtained via four different methods, the catalyst prepared via the NC and CM procedures enabled a partial incorporation of the Sn into the FeCo matrix forming a very active phase, namely the Heusler alloy. This was ascribed to the high initial dispersion of Sn as a promoter into the FeCo matrix, which led to available FeCoSn (FCS) particles well dispersed and stable on the catalyst surface. In the case of incorporating Mo or Cu to the nanosized FeCo catalyst, a poor stability towards leaching was observed when operating under the same reaction conditions. Cu was much less active than both Sn and Mo, mainly leading to acetophenone, ethylbenzene, 2-phenyl ethanol, 2-phenyl acetic acid, and 2-phenyl acetaldehyde products. The best catalytic results under the optimized reaction conditions, especially at 50 °C and styrene/H2O2 molar ratio of 1 were achieved with nanosized FCS. This solid had a conversion of ca. 70% and selectivity for aldehydes of ca. 27%, and the selectivity for the condensation products was 29%. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Oliveira, A.P.S.; Gomes, I.S.; Oliveira, A.C.; Filho, J.M.; Saraiva, G.D.; Soares, J.M.; de Sousa, F.F.; Campos, A. Styrene Oxidation to Valuable Compounds over Nanosized FeCo-Based Catalysts: Effect of the Third Metal Addition. Catalysts 2017, 7, 323.
Oliveira APS, Gomes IS, Oliveira AC, Filho JM, Saraiva GD, Soares JM, de Sousa FF, Campos A. Styrene Oxidation to Valuable Compounds over Nanosized FeCo-Based Catalysts: Effect of the Third Metal Addition. Catalysts. 2017; 7(11):323.Chicago/Turabian Style
Oliveira, Ana Paula Saraiva; Gomes, Igor Santos; Oliveira, Alcineia Conceição; Filho, Josue M.; Saraiva, Gilberto Dantas; Soares, João Maria; de Sousa, Francisco Ferreira; Campos, Adriana. 2017. "Styrene Oxidation to Valuable Compounds over Nanosized FeCo-Based Catalysts: Effect of the Third Metal Addition." Catalysts 7, no. 11: 323.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.