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Catalysts 2017, 7(11), 318; doi:10.3390/catal7110318

Enzymatic Degradation of Poly(ethylene 2,5-furanoate) Powders and Amorphous Films

1
Department for Agrobiotechnology IFA-Tulln, Institute for Environmental Biotechnology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, Konrad Lorenz Strasse 20, 3430 Tulln an der Donau, Austria
2
Corbion, Central R&D, Arkelsedijk 46, 4206 AC Gorinchem, The Netherlands
3
Austrian Centre of Industrial Biotechnology, Division Enzymes & Polymers, Konrad Lorenz Strasse 20, 3430 Tulln an der Donau, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 October 2017 / Revised: 25 October 2017 / Accepted: 26 October 2017 / Published: 27 October 2017
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Abstract

Poly(ethylene 2,5-furanoate) (PEF) is arousing great interest as a biobased alternative to plastics like poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) due to its wide range of potential applications, such as food and beverage packaging, clothing, and in the car industry. In the present study, the hydrolysis of PEF powders of different molecular masses (Mn = 55, Mw = 104 kg/mol and Mn = 18, Mw = 29 kg/mol) and various particle sizes (180 < d and 180 < d < 425 µm) using cutinase 1 from Thermobifida cellulosilytica (Thc_cut1) was studied. Thereby, the effects of molecular mass, particle size and crystallinity on enzymatic hydrolysis were investigated. The results show that particles with lower molecular mass are hydrolyzed faster than those with higher masses, and that the higher the molecular mass, the lower the influence of the particle size on the hydrolysis. Furthermore, cutinases from Humicola insolens (HiC) and Thc_cut1 were compared with regard to their hydrolytic activity on amorphous PEF films (measured as release of 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA) and weight loss) in different reaction media (1 M KPO pH 8, 0.1 M Tris-HCl pH 7) and at different temperatures (50 °C and 65 °C). A 100% hydrolysis of the PEF films was achieved after only 72 h of incubation with a HiC in 1 M KPO pH 8 at 65 °C. Moreover, the hydrolysis reaction was monitored by LC/TOF-MS analysis of the released reaction products and by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) examination of the polymer surfaces. Enzymatic hydrolysis of PEF with Thc_cut1 and HiC has potential for use in surface functionalization and recycling purposes. View Full-Text
Keywords: poly(ethylene 2,5-furanoate) (PEF); cutinases; enzymatic hydrolysis; polyesters; thin films; plastic recycling poly(ethylene 2,5-furanoate) (PEF); cutinases; enzymatic hydrolysis; polyesters; thin films; plastic recycling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Weinberger, S.; Canadell, J.; Quartinello, F.; Yeniad, B.; Arias, A.; Pellis, A.; Guebitz, G.M. Enzymatic Degradation of Poly(ethylene 2,5-furanoate) Powders and Amorphous Films. Catalysts 2017, 7, 318.

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