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Catalysts 2016, 6(4), 55; doi:10.3390/catal6040055

The Influence of the Hydrogen Pressure on Kinetics of the Canola Oil Hydrogenation on Industrial Nickel Catalyst

New Chemical Syntheses Institute, Al. Tysiąclecia Państwa Polskiego 13A, Puławy 24-110, Poland
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Academic Editor: Keith Hohn
Received: 16 February 2016 / Revised: 21 March 2016 / Accepted: 28 March 2016 / Published: 7 April 2016
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Abstract

Canola oil was hydrogenated on an industrial nickel catalyst at 180 °C under a wide range of pressures from 1.5 to 21 bar(a). The effect of hydrogen pressure on the hydrogenation characteristics and fatty acids profile was investigated. The hydrogenation kinetics were described by a simplified three-step model including linolenic acid. The apparent rate constants for the particular reaction steps (hydrogenation, isomerization) kx as well as rate constants kx0 and reaction orders in hydrogen were determined. The results reveal that with the increasing pressure an increase of values of all rate constants was observed, with the largest increase being observed for the rate constant of hydrogenation of monoenes to stearic acid (about 20 times). Moreover, with the increasing pressure the isomerization rate of cis dienes to trans dienes was found to become lower than the dienes hydrogenation rate. Analogously, the cis/trans monoenes isomerization rate was also found to decrease with the increasing pressure. The reaction orders of the hydrogenation steps with respect to hydrogen were in the range of 0.35 to 1.1. The kinetic model was verified by comparsion of predicted fatty acids contents with the experimental data of fatty acids profiles. It emerged that a simplified kinetic model proposed can be utilized to simulate the course of the hydrogenation process and concentrations of fatty acids at a certain iodine value. View Full-Text
Keywords: oil hydrogenation; nickel catalyst; fatty acids profile; kinetics; hydrogen pressure oil hydrogenation; nickel catalyst; fatty acids profile; kinetics; hydrogen pressure
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MDPI and ACS Style

Konkol, M.; Wróbel, W.; Bicki, R.; Gołębiowski, A. The Influence of the Hydrogen Pressure on Kinetics of the Canola Oil Hydrogenation on Industrial Nickel Catalyst. Catalysts 2016, 6, 55.

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