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Catalysts 2016, 6(12), 187; doi:10.3390/catal6120187

Composition, Structural Evolution and the Related Property Variations in Preparation of Mixed Cesium/Ammonium Acidic Salts of Heteropolyacids

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Qufu Normal University, Qufu 273165, China
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Academic Editor: Ivan V. Kozhevnikov
Received: 26 October 2016 / Revised: 21 November 2016 / Accepted: 23 November 2016 / Published: 29 November 2016
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Abstract

The composition, structural evolution and the related property variations of mixed cesium/ammonium acidic salts of heteropolyacids were investigated in detail by tracking and analyzing the initial precipitates, evaporation residues and the calcined products in their preparation process. Results show that V cannot completely enter the heteropolyanions in the initial precipitates when the Cs+ added amount is low, and the increase in Cs+ adding amount improves the substitution of V for Mo in the heteropolyanions. Both the initial precipitates and the evaporation residues are mixtures of cesium and ammonium salts of heteropolyacids before calcination. Thermal treatment causes the decomposition of the ammonium salts and the formation of single-phase solid solutions from mechanical mixtures. The calcined products of the initial precipitates and the evaporation residues vary greatly in textural properties. The determinants of the catalytic performance for the oxidation of methacrolein to methacrylic acid are acidity and specific surface area of the compounds. The increase in specific surface area mainly improves the conversion of methacrolein, but not the selectivity of methacrylic acid. Insufficient acidity caused by high Cs+ content in the compounds is responsible for the low selectivity. View Full-Text
Keywords: heteropoly compound; structural evolution; catalytic property; selective oxidation heteropoly compound; structural evolution; catalytic property; selective oxidation
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Zhang, H.; Wang, T.; Ma, X.; Zhu, W. Composition, Structural Evolution and the Related Property Variations in Preparation of Mixed Cesium/Ammonium Acidic Salts of Heteropolyacids. Catalysts 2016, 6, 187.

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