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Catalysts 2015, 5(3), 1092-1151; doi:10.3390/catal5031092

Utilization of Volatile Organic Compounds as an Alternative for Destructive Abatement

1
Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of Oulu, POB 4300, 90014 Oulu, Finland
2
WestCHEM, School of Chemistry, Joseph Black Building, University of Glasgow, G12 8QQ Glasgow, UK
3
Laboratory of Catalysis and Corrosion of the Materials, Department of Chemistry, University of Chouaïb Doukkali, 20 Route de Ben Maachou, 24000 El Jadida, Morocco
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jean-François Lamonier
Received: 7 March 2015 / Revised: 17 June 2015 / Accepted: 24 June 2015 / Published: 1 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Catalytic Removal of Volatile Organic Compounds)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [862 KB, uploaded 1 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

The treatment of volatile organic compounds (VOC) emissions is a necessity of today. The catalytic treatment has already proven to be environmentally and economically sound technology for the total oxidation of the VOCs. However, in certain cases, it may also become economical to utilize these emissions in some profitable way. Currently, the most common way to utilize the VOC emissions is their use in energy production. However, interesting possibilities are arising from the usage of VOCs in hydrogen and syngas production. Production of chemicals from VOC emissions is still mainly at the research stage. However, few commercial examples exist. This review will summarize the commercially existing VOC utilization possibilities, present the utilization applications that are in the research stage and introduce some novel ideas related to the catalytic utilization possibilities of the VOC emissions. In general, there exist a vast number of possibilities for VOC utilization via different catalytic processes, which creates also a good research potential for the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: catalysis; synthesis gas; methane; chemicals production; circular economy; sustainability; fuels; oxidation; reforming catalysis; synthesis gas; methane; chemicals production; circular economy; sustainability; fuels; oxidation; reforming
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ojala, S.; Koivikko, N.; Laitinen, T.; Mouammine, A.; Seelam, P.K.; Laassiri, S.; Ainassaari, K.; Brahmi, R.; Keiski, R.L. Utilization of Volatile Organic Compounds as an Alternative for Destructive Abatement. Catalysts 2015, 5, 1092-1151.

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