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Catalysts 2015, 5(2), 703-717; doi:10.3390/catal5020703

Increasing Octane Value in Catalytic Cracking of n-Hexadecane with Addition of *BEA Type Zeolite

Faculty of Textile Science and Technology, Shinshu University, 3-15-1 Tokida, Ueda, Nagano 386-8567 Japan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Russell R. Chianelli
Received: 26 December 2014 / Revised: 2 April 2015 / Accepted: 14 April 2015 / Published: 22 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Upgrading Tar Sands and Heavy Crude)
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Abstract

In this study, multifunctional catalysts were developed by adding *BEA or MFI zeolite with high Si/Al ratio to a residual fluidized catalytic cracking (RFCC) catalyst and tested in the catalytic cracking of n-hexadecane, which is a heavy crude oil model compound, for the purpose of increasing the octane value of produced gasoline under the strong hydrogen transfer activity of the RFCC catalyst. Reaction products analysis revealed that the addition of *BEA zeolite to the RFCC catalyst increased the yields of olefins and multi-branched paraffins, which resulted in improvement of the octane value without sacrificing gasoline yield. On the contrary, the addition of MFI zeolite decreased the gasoline yield because it cracks the gasoline range olefins into LPG range olefins. In general, it is difficult to increase the yield of multi-branched molecules because the multi-branched molecule is more easily cracked than linear molecules. Our results suggest the possibility for the selective acceleration of isomerization reaction by the addition of less acidic *BEA zeolite to the RFCC catalyst. View Full-Text
Keywords: RFCC process; hydrogen transfer; isomerization; *BEA zeolite; MFI zeolite; octane number RFCC process; hydrogen transfer; isomerization; *BEA zeolite; MFI zeolite; octane number
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Shimada, I.; Imai, R.; Hayasaki, Y.; Fukunaga, H.; Takahashi, N.; Takatsuka, T. Increasing Octane Value in Catalytic Cracking of n-Hexadecane with Addition of *BEA Type Zeolite. Catalysts 2015, 5, 703-717.

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