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Catalysts 2014, 4(2), 77-88; doi:10.3390/catal4020077

LaNi0.3Co0.7O3-δ and SrFe0.2Co0.8O3-δ Ceramic Materials: Structural and Catalytic Reactivity under CO Stream

2,* , 2
1 Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido, DACS, Campus Mossoró-F. Mota, Costa e Silva, 59.625-900, Mossoró/RN, Brazil 2 Université de Toulon, IM2NP, UMR CNRS 7334, Av. de l´Université, Bat R, B. P. 20132, 83957, LA GARDE Cedex, France 3 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Núcleo Tecnológico, Campus Universitário, L. Nova, 59078-970, Natal/RN, Brazil
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 November 2013 / Revised: 20 February 2014 / Accepted: 21 February 2014 / Published: 31 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Perovskite Catalysts)
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In this study, we presented the synthesis of LaNi0.3Co0.7O3−δ (LNCO) and SrCo0.8Fe0.2O3−δ (SFCO) perovskites and their catalytic reactivity under CO gas flow. The synthesis method is based on the complexation method combining ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)-citrate. The as-prepared materials were characterized using X-ray diffraction/Rietveld refinement and electron microscopy. The diffractograms and Rietveld refinement showed that the EDTA-citrate method allows us to obtain monophasic powders with submicronic size. The structural analyses revealed different morphologies linked to the crystallinity of LNCO and SFCO, and to the mean crystallite size. The catalytic performances of LNCO and SFCO were studied in situ by Fourier Transform InfraRed spectrometer as a function of time and temperature. The catalytic process gave rise to total oxidation with carbon dioxide and water production. LNCO and SFCO exhibit the same profile for catalytic activity with a conversion rate of twice as high for LNCO. Below 150 °C, the kinetic conversion is slow, but beyond this temperature they reach rapidly the complete transformation at 250 °C and 275 °C for LNCO and SFCO, respectively.
Keywords: perovskite; catalytic properties; infrared spectroscopy; CO oxidation. perovskite; catalytic properties; infrared spectroscopy; CO oxidation.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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dos Santos, A.G.; Arab, M.; Patout, L.; de Souza, C.P. LaNi0.3Co0.7O3-δ and SrFe0.2Co0.8O3-δ Ceramic Materials: Structural and Catalytic Reactivity under CO Stream. Catalysts 2014, 4, 77-88.

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