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Enhancement of Hydrogen Storage Behavior of Complex Hydrides via Bimetallic Nanocatalysts Doping
Department of Physics, Tuskegee University, Tuskegee, AL 36088, USA
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 July 2012; in revised form: 28 August 2012 / Accepted: 28 September 2012 / Published: 17 October 2012
Abstract: Pristine complex quaternary hydride (LiBH4/2LiNH2) and its destabilized counterpart (LiBH4/2LiNH2/nanoMgH2) have recently shown promising reversible hydrogen storage capacity under moderate operating conditions. The destabilization of complex hydride via nanocrystalline MgH2 apparently lowers the thermodynamic heat values and thus enhances the reversible hydrogen storage behavior at moderate temperatures. However, the kinetics of these materials is rather low and needs to be improved for on-board vehicular applications. Nanocatalyst additives such as nano Ni, nano Fe, nano Co, nano Mn and nano Cu at low concentrations on the complex hydride host structures have demonstrated a reduction in the decomposition temperature and overall increase in the hydrogen desorption reaction rates. Bi-metallic nanocatalysts such as the combination of nano Fe and nano Ni have shown further pronounced kinetics enhancement in comparison to their individual counterparts. Additionally, the vital advantage of using bi-metallic nanocatalysts is to enable the synergistic effects and characteristics of the two transitional nanometal species on the host hydride matrix for the optimized hydrogen storage behavior.
Keywords: bimetallic nanocatalysts; hydrogen storage; desorption kinetics; catalyst doping; pressure-composition isotherms
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MDPI and ACS Style
Srinivasan, S.S.; Sharma, P.C. Enhancement of Hydrogen Storage Behavior of Complex Hydrides via Bimetallic Nanocatalysts Doping. Catalysts 2012, 2, 434-446.
Srinivasan SS, Sharma PC. Enhancement of Hydrogen Storage Behavior of Complex Hydrides via Bimetallic Nanocatalysts Doping. Catalysts. 2012; 2(4):434-446.
Srinivasan, Sesha S.; Sharma, Prakash C. 2012. "Enhancement of Hydrogen Storage Behavior of Complex Hydrides via Bimetallic Nanocatalysts Doping." Catalysts 2, no. 4: 434-446.