Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Sulfur Tolerant Magnesium Nickel Silicate Catalyst for Reforming of Biomass Gasification Products to Syngas
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Application of Heterogeneous Catalysis in Small-Scale Biomass Combustion Systems
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Catalysts 2012, 2(2), 244-263; doi:10.3390/catal2020244

Biomass Converting Enzymes as Industrial Biocatalysts for Fuels and Chemicals: Recent Developments

Novozymes Inc., 1445 Drew Avenue, Davis, CA 95618, USA
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 16 January 2012 / Revised: 18 February 2012 / Accepted: 28 March 2012 / Published: 12 April 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Catalysts for Biomass Conversion)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [247 KB, uploaded 12 April 2012]


The economic utilization of abundant lignocellulosic biomass as a feedstock for the production of fuel and chemicals would represent a profound shift in industrial carbon utilization, allowing sustainable resources to substitute for, and compete with, petroleum based products. In order to exploit biomass as a source material for production of renewable compounds, it must first be broken down into constituent compounds, such as sugars, that can be more easily converted in chemical and biological processes. Lignocellulose is, unfortunately, a heterogeneous and recalcitrant material which is highly resistant to depolymerization. Many microorganisms have evolved repertoires of enzyme activities which act in tandem to decompose the various components of lignocellulosic biomass. In this review, we discuss recent advances in the understanding of these enzymes, with particular regard to those activities deemed likely to be applicable in commercialized biomass utilization processes. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomass conversion; lignocelluloses; cellulose; hemicellulase; oxidoreductase biomass conversion; lignocelluloses; cellulose; hemicellulase; oxidoreductase
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Sweeney, M.D.; Xu, F. Biomass Converting Enzymes as Industrial Biocatalysts for Fuels and Chemicals: Recent Developments. Catalysts 2012, 2, 244-263.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Catalysts EISSN 2073-4344 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top