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Biomass Converting Enzymes as Industrial Biocatalysts for Fuels and Chemicals: Recent Developments
Novozymes Inc., 1445 Drew Avenue, Davis, CA 95618, USA
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Received: 16 January 2012; in revised form: 18 February 2012 / Accepted: 28 March 2012 / Published: 12 April 2012
Abstract: The economic utilization of abundant lignocellulosic biomass as a feedstock for the production of fuel and chemicals would represent a profound shift in industrial carbon utilization, allowing sustainable resources to substitute for, and compete with, petroleum based products. In order to exploit biomass as a source material for production of renewable compounds, it must first be broken down into constituent compounds, such as sugars, that can be more easily converted in chemical and biological processes. Lignocellulose is, unfortunately, a heterogeneous and recalcitrant material which is highly resistant to depolymerization. Many microorganisms have evolved repertoires of enzyme activities which act in tandem to decompose the various components of lignocellulosic biomass. In this review, we discuss recent advances in the understanding of these enzymes, with particular regard to those activities deemed likely to be applicable in commercialized biomass utilization processes.
Keywords: biomass conversion; lignocelluloses; cellulose; hemicellulase; oxidoreductase
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MDPI and ACS Style
Sweeney, M.D.; Xu, F. Biomass Converting Enzymes as Industrial Biocatalysts for Fuels and Chemicals: Recent Developments. Catalysts 2012, 2, 244-263.
Sweeney MD, Xu F. Biomass Converting Enzymes as Industrial Biocatalysts for Fuels and Chemicals: Recent Developments. Catalysts. 2012; 2(2):244-263.
Sweeney, Matt D.; Xu, Feng. 2012. "Biomass Converting Enzymes as Industrial Biocatalysts for Fuels and Chemicals: Recent Developments." Catalysts 2, no. 2: 244-263.