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Games 2013, 4(2), 144-162; doi:10.3390/g4020144

Reciprocity in Locating Contributions: Experiments on the Neighborhood Public Good Game

1, 2 and 3,*
1 Institute of Economic Theory and Statistics, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Zirkel 2, Karlsruhe, Germany 2 Strategic Interaction Group, Max Planck Institute of Economics, Kahlaische Strasse 10, Jena,Germany 3 Institute of Social Medicine and Health Economics, University of Magdeburg, Leipziger Strasse 44, Magdeburg, Germany
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 December 2012 / Revised: 1 March 2013 / Accepted: 4 April 2013 / Published: 26 April 2013
Download PDF [430 KB, 6 May 2013; original version 26 April 2013]


In repeated public good experiments, reciprocity helps to sustain high levels of cooperation. Can this be achieved by location choices in addition to making contributions? It is more realistic to rely on an intuitive neighborhood model for community members who interact repeatedly. In our experiments, participants can locate their contribution, yielding a small benefit for the participant, who receives the contribution and a small disadvantage for the participant, at the opposite location. This mechanism of individually targeted sanctions helps to foster initial cooperation. It decreases over time, however. Location choices are used to reciprocate, but may not suffice to stabilize voluntary cooperation as an effect observed in the field.
Keywords: public good game; neighborhood; cooperation; experimental analysis public good game; neighborhood; cooperation; experimental analysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Berninghaus, S.; Güth, W.; Schosser, S. Reciprocity in Locating Contributions: Experiments on the Neighborhood Public Good Game. Games 2013, 4, 144-162.

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