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Cancers 2016, 8(1), 14; doi:10.3390/cancers8010014

The Effect of Stromal Integrin β3-Deficiency on Two Different Tumors in Mice

1
Department of Biomedicine, University of Bergen, Jonas Lies vei 91, N-5009 Bergen, Norway
2
Matrix Biology Group, Haukeland University Hospital, N-5021 Bergen, Norway
3
Center of Cancer Biomarkers, University of Bergen, N-5020 Bergen, Norway
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vita Golubovskaya
Received: 19 August 2015 / Revised: 17 December 2015 / Accepted: 5 January 2016 / Published: 12 January 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Cancer Stem Cells and Tumor Microenvironment)
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Abstract

There is an increasing focus on the tumor microenvironment in carcinogenesis. Integrins are important receptors and adhesion molecules in this environment and have been shown to be involved in cell adhesion, proliferation, differentiation and migration. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of stromal integrin β3-deficiency on tumor growth, angiogenesis, interstitial fluid pressure (PIF), fibrosis and metastasis in a murine breast cancer (4T1) and a prostate tumor (RM11) model. We showed that stromal integrin β3-deficiency led to an elevation in PIF that correlated to a shift towards thicker collagen fibrils in the 4T1 mammary tumor. In the RM11 prostate carcinoma model there was no effect of integrin β3-deficiency on PIF and collagen fibril thickness. These findings support the notion that changes in the collagen scaffold influence PIF, and also indicate that there must be important crosstalk between the stroma and tumor cells, in a tumor cell line specific manner. Furthermore, stromal integrin β3-deficiency had no effect on tumor growth or angiogenesis in both tumor models and no effect on lung metastasis in the 4T1 mammary tumor model. In conclusion, the stromal β3 integrin influence PIF, possibly via its effect on the structure of the collagen network, in a tumor cell line dependent manner. View Full-Text
Keywords: angiogenesis; fibrosis; interstitial fluid pressure; metastasis; tumor growth angiogenesis; fibrosis; interstitial fluid pressure; metastasis; tumor growth
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Reigstad, I.; Sortland, K.; Skogstrand, T.; Reed, R.K.; Stuhr, L. The Effect of Stromal Integrin β3-Deficiency on Two Different Tumors in Mice. Cancers 2016, 8, 14.

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